Management is the management of an entire organization, whether it’s a small business a public non-profit agency, or a large government entity. The term “management” can also apply to the process by which information is obtained, arranged, and communicated within an organization. There are many levels of management within all of these types of organizations. The ultimate goal of management is efficiency, which is what causes most businesses to strive for excellence in every aspect of their operations.
One method used to organize a company is through a series of processes. At the top level of management is the president or CEO, who is responsible for the day-to-day running of the organization. Other managerial positions include managers, vice-chairmen, and directors. All managers work under the guidance of a larger-than-normal senior staff. Large companies usually have a number of departments, and managers usually report to a larger-than-normal department head.
Control is the process of making sure that an individual or group achieves an objective. Sometimes people are allowed to “plan” their own objectives in terms of how they see those tasks being completed. This planning may be part of a larger organizational plan (for example, when someone wants to develop a website), but is nevertheless a major component of the organizational plan. Control is essential to efficiency, as the manager must ensure that tasks are completing as planned, without being “pulled” due to extraneous requirements. If control is weak in an organizational structure, the results can be disastrous.
As with all aspects of management, the best managers practice coordination, scheduling, accountability, and effectiveness. While these elements are at times more difficult to practice in small groups, they are also more difficult to master in large organizations where there are hundreds of managers involved. When properly practiced, these managerial skills provide a foundation for efficiency, as well as allowing a manager to stay on target with his or her own objectives.
In large organizations, however, developing good management skills is only the first step in being successful. After all, one cannot effectively coordinate and schedule a project without reliable and knowledgeable subordinates. Managers must be willing to establish relationships with those beneath them, and be willing to foster those relationships. A manager cannot effectively delegate tasks if those tasks do not fit into the established relationship he or she has with his or her subordinates. Finally, good management skills require that a manager is willing to make decisions in an organized manner, even when doing so negatively affect his or her subordinates.
All managers need external motivation to become effective, as well as internal motivation. Managers who lack motivation will often make poor organizational decisions, because they lack confidence in their own abilities. Employees want to know that their manager cares about them personally, yet sometimes (as in the case of failed projects) these workers feel that they have nowhere else to turn. Good management skills to help managers cultivate and encourage motivation within their organization. They also keep employees motivated by providing an inspirational workplace environment.