Management is the management of an organization, be it a private non-profit corporation, an international business, or governmental body. It is considered to be one of the key aspects of organizational structure that affects the operation of the organization at large. The term is not restricted to a single field but covers a wide array of activities directed towards organizational growth. Managers are in charge of planning, organizing, leading and controlling the work force of an organization. These activities include planning and executing strategies, developing and managing talent, analyzing and reviewing performance, and rewarding or compensating employees on their performance.
Management also involves making plans for resource allocation. These plans include the long-term as well as the short-term goals of the organization. Management focuses on the creation of policies that will guide the employees and the management in carrying out their tasks efficiently and in line with the defined goals. An effective manager is one who can make correct decisions without being influenced by his emotions or whims. He must be able to take decisions without involving his team members and focus on the tasks at hand.
Another important aspect of management is the implementation of techniques, processes and models to achieve organizational objectives. Management can be effectively implemented by using the available information and knowledge on relevant topics, such as planning, organizing, leading, implementing, controlling, and feedback. Effective managerial techniques may require the use of evidence-based management principles. The theory of evidence-based management suggests that managers can make better decisions by basing their decisions on data that have been objectively examined.
Many business schools and universities offer programs on the different areas of human resources, including management. A number of programs and courses offered on business administration are specifically designed for those who wish to become management doctors. In order to pursue a doctorate in this field, candidates must first enroll in a graduate program at an accredited university. This program is usually four years long and requires a dissertation, which should be written in connection with the field of study and include appropriate research and data analysis methods. Once a candidate has graduated from a business administration program at an accredited institution of higher learning, he or she may apply for employment in a company that utilizes the services of a human resources manager or a manager in an area that requires specialised knowledge.
Managers should not be confused with human resource managers, who are responsible for hiring and promoting personnel. Human resources managers perform a wide range of tasks related to the employment of individuals. An HR manager will typically manage the recruitment process, interviewing, selecting, training, and promoting employees. Because HR managers perform several duties relating to employment, the roles and responsibilities of a manager and a human resources manager often overlap; therefore, it is common for an HR manager to have a management position as well.
Getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives using available resources effectively and efficiently requires a systematic approach to conducting business. In the case of a large organization, the key takeaways from this organizational function may translate to achieving organizational goals and objectives in terms of revenue, profitability, customer satisfaction, and productivity. In smaller organizations, the key takeaways for getting people together to accomplish organizational goals and objectives vary according to the organization. Understanding how these key takeaways affect the organization can help managers determine what strategies to employ to ensure that these takeaways are realized, as well as the steps that need to be taken to ensure that these strategies are successful.