Architect: Mohsen Kazemianfard
Awards: American Architecture Prize 2016 Silver Medal
Memar Award 1394 3rd Place
2A Asia Award 2016 Finalist
Location: Saadat Abad, Tehran, Iran
Project Type: Commercial Office Building
Design Team: Parima Jahangard, Mona Razavi, Shadi Farokhi
Area: 1400 Sq m
Project year: 2015
Photographs: Parham Taghioff
Saadat Abad building is exposed on both north and south parts with 1400 square meters substructure. It includes one commercial unit, five offices in five floors, one Floor for parking space and a floor for stores.
Interior and Exterior Dialectics:
There are two interrelated spatial qualities, defining each building, Interior and Exterior and it is a part of architecture’s responsibilities to form a meaningful relationship between these two aspects. There are always some parts of the interior spaces which are influenced by the exterior and these two together form the urban spaces, we experience.
This project shifts from a basic relationship between the building and the city to an interaction between the inside and outside. Not only provides an answer for the needs of the users, but also this building intended to create a connection with the exterior observers. Creating a calm and varying urban facade and enhancing the quality of the interior spaces are the main concepts of designing the two facades of the project.
To prevent sharp southern sun light during the working hours the vertical louvers are used in the southern façade. Not only make the interior spaces more comfortable but also these louvers create an incorporated facade. Furthermore it conceals the unnecessary details of the building from the people who visit it from its main view, in the park that is in front of the project in Saadat Abad Boulevard. This park has a great role in forming the concept of southern facade. Some parts of the facade have been pushed inside to open a perfect view of the park for the users.
When people move towards the building in each step they will obtain more details about it. So the form and the design of the southern facade of the project give different images to the visitors in different perspectives. When the building is visited from Saadat Abad Boulevard it seems to be a solid form with wide openings looking towards the park. And when the building is visited from the front of the southern facade more opening are appearing but when it is visited from the other side the building seems to be more solid again and in this view the broken sky line will catch eyes. So this variety of images in different perspectives creates an active urban facade.
The northern facade is designed by the similar modules of the southern facade and it will conceal the unnecessary details of the building from the city. In front of the openings the wooden surfaces could be rotated in three angles of 0, 45 and 90 degrees. Rotational louvers could help to provide relief from the harsh midday sun and create private interior space when needed. The wooden surfaces of the northern facade could be described as the dialogue between the users and the city. These surfaces could change into thousands of forms.
Variation and peacefulness are the qualities which are formed in the dialectic of interior and exterior spaces in this building. And as the same as the interior spaces, these qualities could be observed and comprehended from the exterior.
Saadat abad Office Building